One of the world’s most striking sunrises can be seen from the temple of Borobudur – the largest Buddhist temple on earth – on Java Island. Built in the 9thcentury, this ancient temple has seven stories amassed in a splendid pyramid structure. The top tiers of the temple are covered in stupas, with each housing a Buddha statue. Surrounding the temple of Borobudur are forests and volcanoes, creating a fittingly dramatic feel for its glorious violet-hued sunrise.
Borobudur stupa was the cosmic mountain, the ancestor step-pyramide and main sanctuary of the Sailendra dynasty.
The groundplan is like a mandala composed of circles and scuares as used by the Tantric Buddhists in Nepal and Tibet. The scolar found the division in three sphares or datus, namely Kamadhatu – sphare of Kama, desire (taken from Karmavibhangga text in which the law of cause and effect is shown); the Rupadhatu – sphare of forms; Arupadhatu – sphare of detachment from desire and form.
At Kamadhatu, the reliefs depicts the story of Maha Karmavibhangga or documentation of man-kind – daily life which still govern by passion or lust. The reliefs of Rupadhatu illustrates the life of Buddha Gautama (Lalitavistara story), Jataka (story of Buddha before he become Bodhisattwa, Avadana (illustrates the story of heroic saints), and Gandavyuha (the story of Prince Sudhana).
At Borobudur Stupa there are 432 statues of Buddha which are found at Rupadhatu. At the east side of the stupa, there is a statue of Aksobhya, at the north, a statue of Amoghasiddhi, at the west a statue of Amitabha, and at the south a statue of Ratnasambhava. At Arupadhatu there is also a statue of Vairochana .